Care while living with Autism
Autism is a disorder that is usually first diagnosed in early childhood. The main signs and symptoms of autism involve communication, social interactions and repetitive behaviors.
Although ASD varies significantly in character and severity, it occurs in all ethnic and socioeconomic groups and affects every age group. Experts estimate that three to six children out of every 1,000 will have ASD. Males are four times more likely to have ASD than females.
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What is Autism?
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) widely known as Autism in common parlance, comprises of a wide range of neurological development disorders which are very complex in nature. They are often characterized by social troubles and paralysis, communication issues, and limited, repetitive, and typical patterns of behavior.
Autistic disorder, also called autism or ASD (classical), is the severest of the ASD, while there are some other conditions also present which are milder in nature, such as Asperger syndrome or childhood disintegrative disorder or pervasive developmental disorder (PDD NOS). This illness can in all ethnic and socioeconomic groups and can be present in almost every age group.
It is one of three recognized disorders in the autism spectrum (ASDs), the other two being Asperger syndrome, which lacks delays in cognitive development and language, and Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified, which is diagnosed when the full set of criteria for autism or Asperger syndrome are not met.
Statistics around Autism or ASD
According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) - Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report published in March 30, 2012) experts estimate that 1 out of every 88 children under the age of 8 will have an ASD . According to the same report male child is four times more vulnerable to ASD compared to female child.
In a country like India which has current population of more than a billion will have more than 2 million autistic persons across the country. The factors such as family income, education, and lifestyle does not affect the risk or occurance of autism.
Genetic factors seem to be important. For example, identical twins are much more likely than fraternal twins or siblings to both have autism. Similarly, language abnormalities are more common in relatives of autistic children. Chromosomal abnormalities and other nervous system (neurological) problems are also more common in families with autism.
Sign and Symptoms of Autism
The typical signs and symptoms of autism vary very much same as its effects in different individuals. Some autistic children only have mild symptoms or impairments, some others might have severe obstacles to overcome for leading a normal life. Generally speaking and hence putting up a scale to measure, every child affected by ASD or autism spectrum disorders (Autism, Aspergers or PDD) has problems to some or the other degree in the following areas:
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Development milestones as concern for Autism
The following delays in development actually raises the red flag and require an immediate evaluation by pediatrician.
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