Generally, people suffering from GAD are chronically tense, anxious, or consumed with worry. People with GAD can't seem to shake their concerns, even though they usually realize that their anxiety is more intense than the situation warrants.
Psychological or physiologic symptoms of anxiety states vary with the degree of anxiety. Mild anxiety mainly causes psychological symptoms, with unusual self-awareness and alertness to the environment. Moderate anxiety leads to selective inattention but with the ability to concentrate on a single task. Severe anxiety causes an inability to concentrate on more than scattered details of a task. A panic state with acute anxiety causes a complete loss of concentration, commonly with unintelligible speech.
The patient looks worried, has a tense posture, restless behaviour, a pale and sweaty skin. The patient takes time to go to sleep, and when asleep wakes intermittently with worry dreams. Associated conditions include the hyperventilation syndrome, which is even more common in panic disorder. The patient will sigh deeply, particularly when talking about the stresses in their life.
Symptoms of GAD - Generalized Anxiety Disorder
In addition, the patient may startle easily and complain of feeling apprehensive, fearful, or angry. She may also experience difficulty concentrating, eating, and sleeping. Medical, psychiatric, and psychosocial histories of a patient with generalized anxiety disorder fail to identify a specific physical or environmental cause of the anxiety. Their worries are accompanied by physical symptoms, especially
- Worry and Apprehension
- Psychological arousal
- Autonomic overactivity
- Muscle tension,
- Muscle aches,
- Difficulty swallowing, trembling,
- Other features like depression, obsessions, depersonalization.
- Hot flashes,
- People with GAD may feel lightheaded or out of breath.
- They also may feel nauseated or have to go to the bathroom frequently.
- Individuals with GAD seem unable to relax,
- They may startle more easily than other people.
- They tend to have difficulty concentrating, too.
- Often, they have trouble falling or staying asleep.
Unlike people with several other anxiety disorders, people with GAD don't characteristically avoid certain situations as a result of their disorder. When impairment associated with GAD is mild, people with the disorder may be able to function in social settings or on the job. If severe, however, GAD can be very debilitating, making it difficult to carry out even the most ordinary daily activities.
People with generalized anxiety may have better and worse times of the day, or better and worse days. Like other anxiety disorders, people with GAD often suffer symptoms of other disorders as well, such as depression, social anxiety, or panic disorder.