How to Get Rid of Paranoid Schizophrenia
These people are suspicious, sensitive, egocentric, whose life revolves about the theme of persecution. They imagine that people are against them and device ways to maltreat or plot against them. At first their delusions of persecution are limited and fairly well systematized and their attitude toward the world is one of emotional aggressiveness. Later their delusions become numerous, incoherent, and absurd and their aggressiveness subsides.
In this type of schizophrenia driven paranoid behaviour, there are very extreme paranoid thoughts. In this level of illness, one can hear some voices, which can cause further distress by making mockery and threatening. You have a strong feeling of grandeur and can think that you are an important person, and hence you are baited and targeted.
Paranoid schizophrenia is chronic and will need long term, typically life term treatment. Although there are some effective treatments available which can help you control your condition and enjoy normal life. Generally these treatment options are same for all different types of schizophrenia, but individual approach of treatment is custom made for a particular patient based on the symptoms presence.
The delusions of the paranoid, are reinforced by persecutory hallucinations. They hear enemies calling their names and threatening them, see faces at night, taste poison in food, feel currents operating on their bodies and are overcome by the peculiar gases, discharged in the rooms. Fear of the omnipresent and persistent enemies may evaluate and drive the paranoid to homicide (as a measure of self-defense) or to suicide (a form of escape). A homosexual component is detected in somd cases, the delusion and hallucination being thinly veiled defense against, it is usually noted that male patients have male persecutors and female patients have female persecutors.
People who help in Treatment of Paranoid Schizophrenia
Paranoid schizophrenia is generally treated by a skilled psychiatrist, although the team involved in your treatment can be a combination of the following:
Case worker, Psychiatric nurse, Social worker, Family or primary care doctor, Psychiatrist, Psychotherapist, Pharmacist and last but not the least, family members.
Main treatment options for paranoid schizophrenia
Medications are the main paranoid schizophrenia treatment method. Some of the medicines prescribed for paranoid schizophrenia are as follows:
First-generation antipsychotics of typical medicines – They control symptoms by affecting neurotransmitters. They can manage delusions and hallucinations, pretty well. They have very severe neurological side effects, such as involuntary jerking movements. They are generally cheaper than their newer counterparts hence form a suitable prescription for long term treatments.
Second-generation or atypical antipsychotics – They are effective in taking hallucinations, delusions and other symptoms under control. They have metabolic side effects such as gain in body weight, high cholesterol, etc.
Other medications such as Antidepressants can be very helpful for depression related symptoms. Anti-anxiety medications help in controlling anxiety related symptoms.
Choosing a medication
Why choosing the right medication is important? The goal of the paranoid schizophrenia treatment is to control the symptoms and let person like symptom free with minimum possible dose of medicines. It generally varies with the symptoms and the results take week to show some visible signs. Doctor may recommend combining medications or changing medications, based on the adjustments needed you’re your side. Remember not to stop taking medicines, without proper consultation witn your doctor. Antipsychotic medication cannot be stopped suddenly to lower the chances of withdrawal symptoms.
Almost all of the antipsychotic medications have side effects and possible health risks. They may increase risk of diabetes, weight gain, high cholesterol and high blood pressure, etc. They can also cause to change your white blood cell count.
Always be informed about the side effects since this will make your doctor change the course plan and medicines of needed. Also tell your doctor about the vitamins, minerals and herbal supplements you are taking since they might have severe reaction with the other medicines.
Psychotherapy for paranoid schizophrenia
Individual therapy - Skilled mental health professionals can help in reducing the distress and daily life challenges. Cognitive Behavioural therapy is very effective in treatment of paranoid schizophrenia. The therapist in CBT, ask you to look back on your personal history. From there you can start to change the erratic pattern of thoughts. Psychotherapy can greatly reduce the symptoms and you can see your communication skills, relationships and ability to work increase. You will also feel motivated and will stick to your treatment plan.
Family therapy - Support and education for the families of the suffering people really helps to tap the symptoms faster and better. It can help you and your family to communicate better and understand the conflicts better. It can reduce the stress because of the ill condition in the family.
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) for paranoid schizophrenia - This procedure has electric currents passing through the brain to start a brief seizure. This causes changes in brain chemistry and targets at reducing the symptoms. It is an extremely difficult task to decide about the ECT procedure. You should make an informed decision by considering all the pros and cons.
Social and vocational skills training can help people suffering from paranoid schizophrenia live independently. The person learns skills such as good hygiene, cooking and communication.
Do not rely on drugs and alcohol since they can worsen the symptoms of schizophrenia. Take a proper substance abuse course if you are not able to control it on your own.
Facts and Tips about Paranoid Schizophrenia
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