Schizophrenia Symptom, Treatment and cause
Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness in which there is a disintegration of the process of thinking, of contact with reality, and of emotional responsiveness. It consists of auditory hallucinations, paranoid or bizarre delusions, and disorganized speech and thinking with significant social or occupational dysfunction. Schizophrenics are the people suffering from Schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is often associated with dopamine imbalances in the brain and has an underlying genetic cause.
Schizophrenia is the most common of the major mental disorder, whose clinically symptology, etiology, and prognosis is fraught and confused. It is characterized by withdrawal into a private world by belief and percepts, which are not shared by others. This disorder affects 1 % of the population and has been considered as everything from a single disease to a way of life. Its prognosis has been described as hopeless and as better than that of most neuroses.
There are at least six problems that persist while evaluating of any hypothesis about schizophrenia:
Diagnosis of Schizophrenia
THE DIAGNOSTIC AND STATISTICAL MANUAL OF MENTAL DISORDER of the American Psychiatric Association (DSM, 1968) defines schizophrenia as a severe emotional disorder of psychotic depth, characteristically marked by a retreat from reality, delusion, hallucination, emotional disharmony and regressive behavior.
The world health organization has made a major effort to standardize the diagnosis of schizophrenia. The core symptoms of schizophrenia as revealed by these studies are:
Schizophrenia does not imply a Split Mind and it is not the same as dissociative identity disorder a condition with which it is often confused in public perception.
Some facts about Schizophrenia
Statistics around Schizophrenics
Schizophrenia affects about 24 million people wordwide. Schizophrenia is a treatable disorder, but like cancer, its treatment is more effective if started in initial stages. More than 50% of persons with schizophrenia are not receiving appropriate care. 90% of people with untreated schizophrenia are in developing countries. Care of persons with schizophrenia can be provided at community level, with active family and community involvement.
The problem is fairly universal in all cultures and countries, across ethnic groups. Schizophrenia is a disease of the brain and, unfortunately, we don’t understand what’s wrong with the brain as such. 30% of the patients recover fully after a single episode. 20-30% are profoundly disabled and don’t get better. A small percentage are hospitalized for life.
Types of Schizophrenia
The DSM-IV-TR contains five sub-classifications of schizophrenia
Diagnosing people with schizophrenia
No laboratory test can diagnose this disorder. However, individuals with Schizophrenia often have a number of neurological abnormalities which makes it easy to determine. They have number of cognitive deficits on psychological testing, for example, poor attention, poor memory, difficulty in changing response set, impairment in sensory gating, etc.
Treatment procedure for treating Schizophrenias
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a procedure in which electric currents are passed through the brain, deliberately triggering a brief seizure. Electroconvulsive therapy seems to cause changes in brain chemistry that can immediately reverse symptoms of certain mental illnesses. In the emergency room, a mental health professional will assess the patient and determine whether a voluntary or involuntary admission is needed. For a person to be admitted involuntarily, the law states that the professional must witness psychotic behavior and hear the person voice delusional thoughts.
Sub Types - Behavior patterns of Schizophrenia:
It is usually divided into a number of sub-types depending upon predominant secondary signs in addition to that necessary diagnosis of the disorder. Because patients tend to have their differentiating features, these sub-types are probably best seen as behavior patterns.
Cure of Schizophrenia
Fundamentally what is essential for curing the schizophrenic is that basic adjustment between individual and the environment should be achieved, and for this different method can be employed, the choice being suggested by the circumstances itself.
Facts and Tips about Schizophrenia
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