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Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) arises as a delayed and/or protracted response to a stressful event or situation of an exceptionally threatening nature, likely to cause pervasive distress in almost anyone. Causes include natural or human disasters, war, serious accidents, witnessing the violent death of others, being the victim of sexual abuse, rape, torture, terrorism or hostage-taking. Predisposing factors such as personality, previously unresolved traumas, or a history of psychiatric illness may prolong the course of the syndrome. These factors are neither necessary nor sufficient to explain its occurrence, which is most related to the intensity of the trauma, the proximity of the patient to the traumatic event, and how prolonged or repeated it was. Recent functional brain scan research suggests a possible neurophysiological relationship with OCD
What is the Definition Post Traumatic Stress Disorder?
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been called shell shock or battle fatigue syndrome. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder is a complex health condition that can develop in response to a traumatic experience - a life-threatening or extremely distressing situation that causes a person to feel intense fear, horror or a sense of helplessness.
What causes Post Traumatic Stress Disorder?
You can get Post Traumatic Stress Disorder after you have been:
- airplane crashes,
- terrorist bombings,
- inner-city violence,
- hit or harmed by someone in your family,
- domestic abuse,
- genocide, and other disasters, both natural and human made.
- Those with a social environment that produces shame, guilt, stigmatization, or self-hatred
- In an event where you thought you might be killed
Information About Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
As always, it is best to discuss your treatment with your doctor or other health care professional or therapist.
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder is not a depressive illness, but sufferer may appear to be depressed in mood. It occurs after someone has been in a situation which most people would find extremely stressful. Examples of events which might provoke such a reaction are being the victim of violent crime, being involved in a major disaster or witnessing the violent death of others. The disorder usually starts within six months of the trauma which triggers it.
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Statistics:
Remember, you are not alone.In any year 5.2 millions Americans have Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. As many as 70% of adults in the United States have experienced at least one major trauma in their lives, and many of them have suffered from the emotional reactions that are called PTSD. It is estimated that 5% of the population currently have PTSD and that 8% have had PTSD at some point in their lives. An estimated one out of 10 women will get PTSD at some time in their lives. Women are about twice as likely as men to develop PTSD. This may be due to the fact that women tend to experience interpersonal violence (such as domestic violence, rape or abuse) more often than men. Almost 17 percent of men and 13 percent of women have experienced more than three traumatic events in their lives.
What is the Treatment for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder?
Today, psychiatrists and other mental health professionals have good success in treating the very real and painful effects of PTSD. These professionals use a variety of treatment methods to help people with PTSD to work through their trauma and pain.
Compulsory psychological debriefing immediately after a trauma does not prevent PTSD and may be harmful. Behaviourally based therapies should be offered for those with symptoms. It can be normalizing to have therapy in groups with other patients who have suffered similar trauma. A recently introduced therapy is eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR). Further work is necessary before we can be sure of its place in management. SSRIs, venlafaxine and nefazodone have a place in the management of chronic PTSD, but drop-out from pharmacotherapy is common.
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Medication
A Doctor may give you medicine to help you feel less afraid and tense. But it may take a few weeks for the medicine to work. The most widely used drug treatments for PTSD are the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, such as Prozac, aropax and Zoloft.
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Therapy
Talking to specially trained Doctor or counselor helps many people with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. This is called 'therapy'. Therapy can help you work through your terrible experiences. At present, cognitive-behavioral therapy appears to be somewhat more effective than drug therapy. However, it would be premature to conclude that drug therapy is less effective overall since drug trials for PTSD are at a very early stage. Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) is a specialized form of psychotherapy that is used almost exclusively for treating PTSD and its associated conditions, including depression. EMDR typically is integrated into a conventional psychotherapy regimen and is not used alone to treat PTSD.
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Basics - is an anxiety disorder that can develop after exposure to a terrifying event or ordeal in which grave physical harm occurred or was threatened.
PTSD Symptom -The symptoms persist for at least one month and significantly disturb the patient's social or occupational functioning. The clinical course is variable. Symptoms may emerge immediately and disappear after several months, or they may take longer than six months to appear and last indefinitely.
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Facts and Tips about Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety disorder which deals with stress and fear after the danger situation is over.
- PTSD can affect to anyone. It may even occur in children and women are mostly affected than men.
- PTSD is occur because of seeing a dangerous incident, war, military battle, natural tragedy, accidents, serious physical harm, death of loved one, sexual abuse or fire.
- PTSD shows symptoms like loneliness, anger, sleeping disturbance, feeling worried, guilty, numb or sad, flashbacks and nightmares, substance abuse or hypervigilance.
- PTSD may occur after a delay of weeks, or even months. It become worse if untreated, occur early or stressful situation remain continue.
- PTSD is well treated with talk therapy, cognitive therapy, medication, psychotherapy, stabilisation, and EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing).