Anxiety Phobia - Fear from anxietyTweet
Specific phobias, at least in children, can co-exist with some other anxiety disorders. Also, in order for a diagnosis of phobia to be made, a clinician must first eliminate these other anxiety disorders. Hence it is helpful at this point to include a brief description of these in order to compare and contrast them with phobias.
Anxiety Disorders and Phobias
Obsessive-compulsive disorder is an anxiety disorder in which the person is greatly troubled by intrusive and unwelcome thoughts, images, imagined events, urges or ideas. These thoughts arise spontaneously, or at least are not consciously summoned by the person, and cause a variety of unwelcome emotions ranging from anxiety to disgust. The person finds the intrusive thoughts bizarre, embarrassing, morbid or repugnant and, characteristically, carries out repeated ritualised behaviours in order to counteract them.
Post-traumatic stress disorder is caused, in the first instance, by experiencing and surviving a severely traumatic event or series of events. The experience evoked terror and feelings of helplessness, despair and pain. Often, the person's own life was in danger or he may have suffered severe injury and frequently, the event involved the death, injury and suffering of those around him. Afterwards, when the person has returned to a safe environment or has recovered physically, the experience comes back to 'haunt' him as a series of flashbacks and / or nightmares. The original, frightening and painful emotions are experienced over again and the person often additionally suffers from depression and feelings of guilt, especially if he has survived when others did not (survivor guilt).