Epistaxiophobia ? Help for EpistaxiophobiaTweet
What is Epistaxiophobia ?
Epistaxiophobia- Fear of nosebleeds.
Symptoms of Epistaxiophobia
In addition, nose blood-injury-injection phobics worry about being unable to safeguard their health. Some never visit their doctor even if they have health concerns. Others completely avoid hospitals, even to visit a sick relative or friend, or do not watch television or films for fear of seeing images of injured people. A small proportion of women are afraid to become pregnant because of their phobia. Hence, in contrast to some other types of specific phobia, simply avoiding the feared situation is not enough to banish anxiety and enable the person to lead a normal life.
Diagnosis of Epistaxiophobia
The patient is asked to keep his eyes on the screen but is given the remote control unit so that he can stop the film at any time if watching it becomes intolerable. His blood pressure and heartbeat rate are monitored continuously throughout the process (and other signs are noted), beginning with a ten-minute pre-exposure phase in which baseline readings are obtained. A four-minute instruction period follows during which the person is reminded about the contents of the video and is asked to watch the screen without looking away. The video lasts for half an hour and, usually, a phobic person either faints, looks away or stops the tape because of marked anxiety and distress.
Treatment of Epistaxiophobia
Recently, a new approach has been developed by a group of Swedish clinicians which has proved successful and teaches the patient a method of preventing fainting. The technique is called' Applied Tension' and, in essence, the person is taught how to tense the large body muscles for short periods of time (fifteen to twenty seconds) which has the effect of raising blood pressure and heartbeat rate. By being able to directly influence his own blood pressure, the patient is able to counteract the hypotension that is the usual precursor of vasovagal syncope.