How to Get Rid of Dissociative Identity Disorder - DIDTweet
-------Multiple Personality Disorder-------
In Dissociative identity disorder there are sudden alternations between two patterns of behavior, each of which is forgotten by the patient when the other- is present. Each pattern of behavior is a complex and integrated scheme of emotional responses; attitudes, memories, and social behavior, and the behavior usually contrasts strikingly with the patient's normal state. In some cases there is more than one additional behavior pattern or 'personality'. The condition is rare, but has been observed more frequently at some times than at others, reflecting the fluctuating interest of doctors at that time. Thus, striking examples of this disorder were described since the end of the nineteenth century which have attracted very considerable lay and literary attention. In the last 40 years there has been a dramatic increase in the number of reported cases, especially in the USA . Epidemiological studies report prevalence which vary widely from being common, especially in psychiatric populations, to being rare.
Dissociative identity disorder is serious and chronic and may lead to disability and incapacity. It is associated with a high incidence of suicide attempts and is believed to be more likely to end in suicide than any other mental disorder.
In Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV (American Psychiatric Association, 1994), Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD) was changed to Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID), reflecting changes in professional understanding of the disorder resulting from significant empirical research.
Patients often meet the criteria for other diagnoses, especially schizophrenia, personality disorder, and alcohol or drug abuse; they also have symptoms of anxiety and depression. DSM-IV criteria do not allow any clear distinction from trance and possession disorders (included in ICD- 10 but in a appendix to DSM-IV).The relationship between multiple personality disorder and these other conditions would be illuminated by long term follow-up studies, but no systematic studies of this kind have been reported.
Two issues have dominated - the discussion of aetiology:
. The role of severe trauma Clinical experience and research have repeatedly emphasized that most patients describe severe childhood physical or sexual abuse. It is argued that dissociation is used as a means of psychological defence and that, over time, it has permanent consequences.
. Iatrogenic factors It has often been alleged that the wide publicity given to people of suggestible personality, combined with the credulity and enthusiasm of therapists, and frequently with the use of hypnosis', has been responsible for at least a proportion of those subject to extensive psychiatric scrutiny. See Coons (1998) and Putnam and Loewenstein (2000) for reviews; for a sceptical opinion, see Merskey (2000).
Dissociative identity disorder symptoms
Dissociative identity disorder (DID), which has been known as multiple personality disorder, is the most famous of the dissociative disorders. An individual suffering from DID has more than one distinct identity or personality state that surfaces in the individual on a recurring basis. This disorder is also marked by differences in memory which vary with the individual's "alters," or other personalities.
Several studies show that previously undiagnosed dissociative identity disorder is present in 3 to 4% of acute psychiatric inpatients and in a sizable minority of patients in psychoactive substance abuse treatment settings.
The course of dissociative identity disorder tends to recur over several years. It may become less of a problem, however, after mid-life.
Repeated dissociation may result in a series of separate entities, or mental states, which may eventually take on identities of their own. These entities may become the internal personality states, Changing between these states of consciousness is described as switching.
Treatment of Dissociative identity disorder
Treatment methods include psychotherapy and the use of specific medications either on their own or , which is more effective in conjunction with each other.
Facts and Tips about Dissociative Identity Disorder
- Dissociative identity disorder is usually called multiple personality disorder MPD.
- Dissociative identity disorder (DID) is a psychiatric diagnosis that characterized a situation in which a single person displays multiple distinct identities or personalities, each with its own pattern of perceiving and interacting with the environment.
- Symptoms of DID such as multiple mannerisms, headaches and other body pains, distortion or loss of subjective time, depersonalization, amnesia, depression, derealization, flashbacks of abuse/trauma, unexplainable phobias.
- There is no identified what causes of dissociate identity disorer, but are theoretically associated with the interaction of overwhelming stress, traumatic antecedents, an innate ability to dissociate memories or experiences from consciousness.
- Treatment for DID may include psychotherapy and medications, some behavior therapists initially use behavioral treatments for example only responding to a single identity, and using more traditional therapy once a consistent response is established.
- Although some medication, including like antidepressants, anti – anxiety medications and tranquilizers may help with some exact symptoms for example anxiety and depression, but not affected the disorder itself.