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Parkinson's disease is a disorder that affects nerve cells (neurons) in the part of the brain controlling muscle movement. Parkinson disease (PD) was first described in 1817 by Dr. James Parkinson, a British physician, for whom the disease was named.
Cause of Parkinson's Disease
There are many causes of tremor other than Parkinson disease, and it generally requires examination by a neurologist to distinguish between them.
Parkinson's Disease Symptoms and Signs
The symptoms vary from patient to patient and not every one is affected by all of them. In some people, the disease progresses quickly; in others it does not. The following are the most common primary symptoms of Parkinson's disease.
Parkinson's Disease Diagnosis
Since there is no specific test or marker for PD, diagnosis is by a physician and depends on the presence of at least two of the three major signs: tremor at rest, rigidity, and bradykinesia, as well as the absence of a secondary cause, such as antipsychotic medications or multiple small strokes in the regions of the brain controlling movement. Patients tend to be most aware of tremor and bradykinesia, and less so of rigidity.
Parkinsons Disease Treatment and Medication
Because individuals with PD have a range of symptoms, the choice of medication (and the decision whether to treat with medication) varies considerably between individuals. Moreover, over time, the dose of medications may need to be increased or new medications added.
Parkinsons Disease Prognosis
PD is both chronic, meaning it persists over a long period of time, and progressive, meaning its symptoms grow worse over time. Although some people become severely disabled, others experience only minor motor disruptions.
Parkinson's Disease research
Current research programs funded by the NINDS are using animal models to study how the disease progresses and to develop new drug therapies. Scientists looking for the cause of PD continue to search for possible environmental factors, such as toxins, that may trigger the disorder, and study genetic factors to determine how defective genes play a role.
Facts and Tips about Parkinson's Disease
- Parkinson's disease is related to brain abnormalities in which nerve cells are damaged and because of this dopamine level become low which is responsible for body movements.
- When about 80% nerve cell damaged then person shows symptoms for parkinson's disease.
- Parkinson's disease is long termed and progressive disease. It mostly occurs after age of 50.
- Basic identification of disease is bradykinesia, muscle stiffness, tremor and akinesia. Difficulty in walking, talking and coordination, sleep disruptions, urinary problems, chewing and swallowing also occur.
- No treatment is available to cure disease only you can reduced symptoms by physiotherapy, occupational and speech therapy. Deep brain stimulation surgery, medicines, exercise may also helpful.
- Parkinson's disease may lead to depression, early death, sexual dysfunction, choking, pneumonia or bones may break because of sudden fall.