World Health Day - April 7Tweet
Make every mother and child count
Every year, the World Health Organization (WHO) celebrates the World Health Day (WHD), on April 7, commemorating the anniversary of its founding in 1948. This Day provides a forum for discussion on various health challenges worldwide. Each year, a new focus is selected to highlight a health issue of global concern.
|Health is more than the absence of disease. It is a state of optimal well being.|
The slogan for World Health Day 2005 is "Make every mother and child count". It reflects the reality that today the health of women and children is not a high enough priority for many governments and the international community.
Nearly half a million women die during pregnancy and childbirth each year. Dr Prem N Sheth, leading consultant neonatologist and pediatrician, says, "about 11 million children die globally before celebrating their fIfth birthday; of these four million children die in the developing countries with India accounting for 97 per cent of these deaths. While in developed countries, the mortality rate is four to five per 1,000 live births, the corresponding figure in the developing countries is 50 to 70 per 1000 live births!"
In India, childbearing is concentrated mainly in the age group of 15-29 years. Pregnancy in the early teens interrupts the physiological growth of the mother. It can result in difficult labour; increase the chances of premature delivery and low birthweight babies, which further leads to higher neonatal and infant mortality.
It is estimated that there are nearly 75 million malnourished children below the age of 5 years in India. It is estimated that, 53 per cent of all children less than four years are underweight and an equal proportion is underdeveloped, while 21- 29 per cent of children suffer from severe forms of malnutrition. Inadequate purchasing power of the family and lack of knowledge are responsible for the various nutritional problems.
Dr Sudha Sheth, senior gynecologist says, "adolescent girls are highly susceptible to anemia, which is responsible for miscarriage, still births, premature births, low birth-weight babies and maternal mortality during child birth. Anemia and bleeding during child birth are the major causes in a large number of maternal deaths."
Adequate attention towards mother and child would defmitely have a positive influence on health of the entire future generation. Dr Sheth believes, "Lack of proper ante natal care and unattended deliveries contribute to the high maternal mortality and morbidity. Prolonged labour, improper delivery techniques, unrecognised difficult pregnancies and birth injuries or birth hypoxia can affect the mother and the new born adversely."
Health services should begin at the time of conception. It should relate to the physical, mental and emotional health of women immediately and of infants and young children at all stages. Prenatal supervision helps to avoid, prevent, recognise and treat complications of pregnancy. Read on Pregnancy (postpartum) Depression
Intranatal services provide skilled care and attention by trained midwives during childbirth. Postnatal checks on the mother's health include family planning services and guidance from a gynecologist to diagnose and prevent some of the chronic and disabling conditions.
Child health services aim for the prevention of acute illness and disease that has the potential to disrupt the child's early years. Childhood immunisation, health education about subjects like hygiene, oral rehydration and nutrition awareness will help to decrease infant mortality. Read on Childhood Depression
As we move on in the 21st century; towards becoming an industrial and economic power, we must remember that India essentially lives in rural areas. As Dr Sushil Shah, pathologist and chairman of one of the leading laboratories succinctly put it," Communities need to be proactive towards nutrition, immunisation programs, maternal and child health care, the prevention of food adulteration and maintenance of water quality; supply .and sanitation, prevention and control of endemic diseases etc."
Mother and child health care does not call for any major investment; it only requires the right attitude and prioritisation.
Puerperal Psychosis - Puerperal psychosis is an acute mental illness, which has a sudden onset within the first few weeks (usually the first 10 days) following childbirth.