Home Disorders Brain Disorders Acoustic Neuroma

What is Acoustic Neuroma?


Acoustic neuroma is one type of rare mental disorder. It is also known as vestibular schwannoma. Acoustic neuroma is consisting nonconcerous tumor. Acoustic neuroma is one type of brain tumor. Mainly auditory and vestibular nerves are affected by acoustic neuroma. Acoustic neuroma is mainly found in middle aged person. It is very common type of brain tumor. Acoustic neuroma is slow growing of lump or tumor. Acoustic neuroma is increse from schwann cells.

An acoustic neuroma, a rare brain disorder is a slowly proceeding tumor of the nerves which tend to connect the ear to the brain. The name of this nerve is vestibular cochlear nerve and it is present behind the ear and right below the brain. This disease is benign in nature which implies that it cannot spread to other parts in our body. It is very harmful to the nerves in which it grows and it can damage lot of them.

Problems in Acoustic neuroma

The human inner ear is the organ of hearing and balance. The cochlear nerve passes the sound waves signals carried and converted by the 3 inner ear bones. These bones passes on the signal to the neurons or neurotransmitters. This way the sound is processes by the brain and we recognize the sound or voice.

The balancing sensory capability is also delivered to the brain by the inner ear. There are certain fluid filled canals present in the inner ear which are palced at different angles and orientations. The vestibular nerve, gives the signal of position and angle of the tilt to the brain. The Tiny hair present play the role of message relaying from the canals to the vestibular nerve.

Since we have seen the functioning of the nervers, which are affected by Acoustic Neuroma, we can easily identify thef problems associated with this illness. Below are some of the problems associaeted with Acoustic Neuroma.

  • Permanent hearing loss may be risk factor of acoustic neuroma.
  • Headache is also known problem in acoustic neuroma condition.
  • Sometime, risk factor of acoustic neuroma is consist of itching on face.
  • Mental confusion is also problem of acoustic neuroma.

Causes of Acoustic neuroma

  • Genetic disorder may be cause of acoustic neuroma.
  • Disorder of vestibulocochlear in brain ia main cause of acoustic neuroma.
  • Normally, acoustic neuroma is caused by inherited condition.

Symptoms of Acoustic neuroma

  • Loss of balance.
  • Hearing loss
  • Abnormal sensation vertigo
  • Buzzing noise
  • Ear pain
  • Balanced problem
  • Lack of sensation in the face
  • Difficulty in speech
  • Ringing (tinnitus) in the affected ear

Diagnosis of Acoustic neuroma

  • Modern CT scan is great test for diagnosis of acoustic neuroma.
  • MRI with gadolinium improvement is great technique for diagnosis of acoustic neuroma.
  • Acoustic neuroma is also diagnosed by Audiology and vestibular tests.
  • Brain imaging is also useful for detect acoustic neuroma.
  • Neurological examination is plays an important role in Acoustic neuroma disease.
  • Conventional audiometry is most essential diagnostic test of acoustic neuroma.
  • Physical examination and observation are helpful in diagnosis of acoustic neuroma.

Treatment for Acoustic neuroma

Treatment of acoustic neuroma is depend upon various factors such as size of tumor, health of patient. Neurologist, neurosurgeon, physiotherapist and other special peoples in neurology are playing an important role in treatment of acoustic neuroma disease.

  • Surgical removal and radiotherapy are main treatment for acoustic neuroma disease.
  • Neuroma increased slowly, so conservatives treatment is necessary.
  • Microsurgery may be best for removal of tumor in acoustic neuroma.

The Acoustic Neuroma is benign in nature, still it can be fatal. The reason of it being fatal is the fact that the untreated Neuroma will make the tumor grow and once it covers all the small canal regions, it will start growing in the skull cavity. Treatment is generally recommended using surgery and radiation therapy.