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Aphasia - Communication Disorder of Brain


Aphasia is the disorder which is caused by some damage or injury to the speech/language part of the brain. It causes the communication of the person to suffer. It is common in older adults who had suffered stroke or any other head injury. It makes it tough for the sufferer to read, write and speak. The person cannot say waht he or she wants to say.

Apart from stroke, certain brain tumors, some brain infections, trauma, dementia can also cause Aphasia.

Causes of Aphasia

Causes of Aphasia can be one of the following:

- An stroke,
- Head injury or trauma
- Tumour in the brain
- Other degenerative diseases of the brain
- Other neurological conditions such as Alzheimer’s

Aphasia - Communication Disorder Graphic

Types of Aphasia

1. Expressive aphasia (non-fluent) - In this condition, the person is well aware of what he or she wants to say, but they cannot communicate it to others due to impaired speaking abilities.

2. Receptive aphasia (fluent) - In this type, the affected person hear and read the words, but cannot make the meaning out of the message.

3. Anomic aphasia - In this situation, person finds it difficult to find the right words for things he wants to say.

4. Global aphasia - Here there is complete loss of the ability to communicate through reading, writing, listening, speaking. All the ways of communication are impaired. It is the most severe form of Aphasia.

5. Primary progressive aphasia - Here there is slow progression of loss of communication capabilities. The person slowly lose the ability to read, write, speak, etc.

Recovery from Aphasia

The recovery from Aphasia is a slow process. If the cause is stroke, the loss could be permanant, but there are chances of things getting back to normal with person learning other ways to communicate like gestures, etc. The family of the suffered person also learns the language of the person.

In some of the instances, people recover on thier own, otherwise, there is a need to start the language therapy. Extensive exercises are needed for the improvement of reading, writing and speaking capabilities.