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What is Autonomic Neuropathy?


Autonomic neuropathy is a kind of tangential neuropathy that involves natural body functions, with heart rate, blood pressure, digestion and other procedures of body. These are responsible of nerve damage in nervous system. It is the disease of nonsensory nervous system. It is type of mental disorder disease. Autonomic neuropathy can be a difficulty of several diseases and situation. Autonomic neuropathy has an effect on the nerves of heart, intestines, sweat glands, lungs, eyes, sex organs, and bladder.

Autonomic neuropathy is a type of peripheral neuropathy. It is as the name suggests is a group of symptoms and it is not the name of any disease or ailment. There are different causes of the illness. This disease involves the damage to the nerves which are running parallel to the peripheral nervous system. This part of the nervous system has nerves used for many different body parts and functions, like communication from brain, central nervous system to/from all other parts of the body like internal organs, muscles, skin, and blood vessels etc.

Types of Autonomic neuropathy

There are lot of types of Autonomic neuropathy;

  • Eye neuropathy
  • Sexual neuropathy
  • Blood vessel neuropathy
  • Sweat gland neuropathy
  • Digestion neuropathy
  • Bladder neuropathy

Causes of Autonomic neuropathy

  • Autonomic neuropathy may be caused by Alcoholism which is responsible for nerve damage.
  • Lack of protein is also cause of Autonomic neuropathy disease.
  • Autonomic neuropathy is caused by some injury to nerves in some surgery.
  • Autoimmune disease is very dangerous for autonomic neuropathy which is affect damaged nerves.
  • Diabetes is one of the important cause of autonomic neuropathy disease.
  • Ageing is also cause of Autonomic neuropathy.

Symptoms of Autonomic neuropathy

  • Wooziness and fainting upon standing
  • Low blood pressure
  • Problem in starting urination
  • Loss of appetite
  • Swollen abdomen
  • Difficulty in digestive system
  • Decreased sweating
  • Sexual difficulty
  • Low blood sugar

Autonomic neuropathy is a condition which affects the nerves which help function and regulate body vital functions such as heart muscle and smooth muscles.

Diagnosis of Autonomic neuropathy

There are a lot of test which is helpful in diagnosis of Autonomic neuropathy disease;

  • Breathing test - Breathing test is play an important role in measuring heart beat rate and blood pressure.
  • Gastrointestinal test - Gastrointestinal test is used for checking intestinal abnormalities.
  • Quantitative sudomotor axon reflex test - This QSART test are used for assessment of nerves that regulates sweat glands which is responsible for stimulation.
  • Urinalysis -For assessment of bladder function, Urinalysis test is used in diagnosis of Autonomic neuropathy.
  • Ultrasound - Images of bladder and other part of urinary tract are got by ultrasound test in diagnosis of autonomic neuropathy.

Treatment for Autonomic neuropathy

  • Primary aim of treatment for autonomic neuropathy disease is control damaging of nerves and manage disease.
  • Drops in blood pressure can be comforted by trying stretchy stockings and resting with the head eminent in treatment of autonomic neuropathy.
  • You can use of some medications can increase rate digestion and diminish diarrhea.
  • Prescription of fludrocortisone acetate is very useful in maintaining salt level and regulates blood pressure and it helpful treatment of dizziness.
  • For decreasing sweating quantity, some medicines such as glycopyrrolate and clonidine are used in treatment of Autonomic neuropathy.

Prevention of Autonomic neuropathy

  • Avoid excessive smoking.
  • Manage blood sugar
  • Find proper treatment for any autoimmune disease
  • Try to control high blood pressure
  • Keep healthy weight
  • Regular exercise may be prevent Autonomic neuropathy disease

In which Illness Autonomic neuropathy occur

Different illness in which Autonomic neuropathy and its allied sypotoms occur:

  1. Pandysautonomia
  2. Idiopathic distal small-fiber neuropathy
  3. Holmes-Adie syndrome and Ross syndrome
  4. Chronic idiopathic anhidrosis
  5. Amyloid neuropathy
  6. Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome
  7. Lyme disease
  8. HIV infection
  9. Chagas disease
  10. Botulism
  11. Diphtheria
  12. Leprosy
  13. Celiac disease
  14. Sj ö gren syndrome:
  15. Rheumatoid arthritis,
  16. Systemic lupus erythematosus
  17. Connective tissue disorders
  18. Chronic thyroiditis and Hashimoto thyroiditis
  19. Guillain-Barré syndrome
  20. Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome
  21. Paraneoplastic autonomic neuropathy
  22. Inflammatory bowel disease

This is not a complete list, there are lot many left. It is provided just for the reference.