Home Disorders Brain Disorders Brachial Plexus Injury

Brachial Plexus Injury


Brachial Plexus are the network of motor as well as sensory nerves. Signals from the spine to the shoulder, arm, and hand are carried out by Brachial Plexus which is network of nerves. Brachial plexus injuries are caused by damage of brachial plexus nerves. This usually takes place when shoulder is pushed down vigorously while head is pressed up and away from that shoulder.

What are the types of Brachial Plexus Injury?

There are several type of Brachial Plexus Injury;

  • Stretch Brachial Plexus Injury - In this type of Brachial Plexus Injury, nerve injured but not ragged.
  • Neuroma Brachial Plexus Injury - In Neuroma Brachial Plexus Injury, nerve has partly repair by blemish tissue injure.
  • Avulsion Brachial Plexus Injury - In Avulsion Brachial Plexus Injury, nerve are ragged from the spine.
  • Rupture Brachial Plexus Injury - Nerve is torn but not at the spine in this type of Brachial Plexus Injury.

What occurs when the brachial plexus is injured?

The network of nerves is very delicate so they are easily broken and can be injured by some causes such as pressure, stretching, or cutting. Injury of Brachial plexus can discontinue signals to and from the brain, averting the muscles of the arm and hand from functioning correctly, and causing loss of sensation in the area of injured nerve. Tumors and compression can also damage the brachial plexus. Different types of wounds by bullet or knife are also causes of Brachial plexus injury.

Symptoms of Brachial Plexus Injury

  • Bendy or paralyzed arm
  • Lack of muscle power in the arm and wrist
  • Lack of feeling in the arms
  • Shoulder pain
  • Loss of sensation
    lack of control of figure's muscles
  • Lump in the muscle
  • Swelling of arms

Diagnosis of Brachial Plexus Injury

  • CT scan and MRI scan are the great option of testing Brachial Plexus Injury.
  • Brachial Plexus Injury are also tested by Nerve Conduction Study that is NCS.

Treatment for Brachial Plexus Injury

Proper care and well therapy are very necessary for repairing Brachial Plexus Injury.

  • Treatment can be includes independent recovery of brachial plexus within several week.
  • Transfer of functioning or undamaged muscle is carried out in treatment of Brachial Plexus Injury.
  • Microsurgical treatment is also include in Treatment of traumatic injury of Brachial Plexus.
  • Several surgical treatments are also used for repairing injured nerves in Brachial Plexus Injury.
  • For treatment of Brachial Plexus Injury, nerve graft and nerve transfer are good type of surgery.
  • In the treatment of brachial plexus injury, you can also use of some drugs such as opiates containing codeine.
  • Antidepressant and Anticonvulsant medicines are also give relief from Brachial Plexus Injury.

What is the prognosis of Brachial Plexus Injury?

Location on body and Kinds of brachial plexus injury are decide prognosis of Brachial Plexus Injury. Harshness of the nerves injury are dependent things in prognosis of Brachial Plexus injury. Improvements in Parsonage-Turner syndrome depend on how harshly swelling has injured the nerve.